How to get rid of dark spots!
The best way to get rid of hyperpigmentation is to use ingredients that are well known to fade dark marks naturally. Well known ingredients like Turmeric, Kojic, Alpha Arbutin, as well as Hydroquinone works well at fading dark marks.
One of the best ways to help dark marks is by wearing sunscreen. Effective treatment for dark spots and patches begins with sunscreen. Whether you’re treating the dark spots on your own or seeing a dermatologist, using sunscreen is essential when you'll be outside. Applied daily, sunscreen can prevent new dark spots and patches. It can also help to clear existing ones.
Once you eliminate what’s causing the dark spots and protect your skin from sunlight, a product that can fade dark spots (or even out your skin tone) tends to be more effective. Products that contain turmeric, Kojic and Alpha Arbutin normally fade dark spots in a few months. These ingredients can fade existing dark spots. In some cases, the ingredient can also slow down production of melanin, which is what causes the dark spots and patches.
What is HYPERPIGMENTATION/ DARK MARKS?
Hyperpigmentation is a common condition where dark spots form on your skin.
The darkened spots can be the result of the overproduction of melanin, the brown pigment responsible for our normal skin color.
Dark spots on the face can occur if the skin overproduces melanin, which is the pigment that gives skin its color. This is known as hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation can be due to sun exposure, acne scarring, aging, exposure to sun, and more.
INGREDIENTS THAT HELPS FADE HYPERPIGMENTATION:
Hydroquinone is a popular ingredient in products for hyperpigmentation. It works by reducing the production of melanin.
Kojic acid is another popular treatment for hyperpigmentation. Kojic acid blocks UV-activation of tyrosinase, thereby limiting the production of melanin. This means it can help lighten existing sunspots and photodamage, fade the dark marks left from acne scarring or after a pimple, and even improve melasma.
Kojic acid is a chemical derived from mushrooms, and can also be created during the sake brewing process from fermented rice. Because of its ability to penetrate the layers of your skin and stop the production of melanin, kojic acid is an effective spot-fading treatment, and is often considered a less-aggressive answer to hydroquinone.
It will take 1-2 months of consistent topical use before you begin to see improvements for the lightening of age spots/sun spots, dark spots, or the treatment of melasma with Kojic Acid.
Alpha arbutin, is a naturally occurring antioxidant and skin brightener found in the bearberry plant. Because of its molecular structure, alpha arbutin works similarly to hydroquinone, but with less irritation. Aarbutin acts on the melanin pathway to suppress melanin activity.
Alpha Arbutin is a safe option for all skin tones because it does not change the color of your skin but rather evens it out.
Alpha Arbutin, unlike other skin brightening agents, is gentle and non-irritating to the skin. It is safe to use up to 2% concentrations without suffering any negative side effects. Because of its gentle nature, it is an excellent choice for sensitive skin.
Niacinamide is a potent antioxidant and vitamin B3 that enhances moisture, decreases hyperpigmentation, and improves skin suppleness when applied topically. Niacinamide is one of the most well-researched anti-aging cosmeceuticals. It contains a variety of properties that help to smooth the texture of the skin.
Niacinamide aids in the formation of keratin, a protein that helps maintain your skin firm and healthy.